The advanced technology we have in the automotive market today has us looking for a variety of great ways to have the added control and improved performance that we want to enjoy on the road. Torque Vectoring is one of those advancements that has come out of the research and technology that has been advanced over the years and it offers us more control and balance than we’ve had in the past. By using this system on a car you have added grip in the corners to give you the power transfer you need when you’re driving which adds more stability and control.
Let’s take a look at different types of powertrains and how Torque Vectoring can help:
There are two types of systems that are used to control the car using torque vectoring. The mechanical system shifts power between the rear wheels to put more torque and power to the outer rear wheel in a turn because this wheel has to travel farther. In an electronic system the result is more dynamic with the car being able to detect if there is understeer present. When it is, this system will apply the brakes to the inner wheel to correct the understeer problem.
Because the front wheels are used not only as the drive wheels but also as the steering wheels, the torque vectoring is a little different in these cars. The use of braking and power delivery is present with the inner wheels using the braking while the outer wheels receive the added power to make sure the car can execute the turn. Some of the models that use FWD, like Mazda3 and Mazda6, also have a weight shifting that pushes the weight forward to improve the steering response and handling in a car that has this driving system.
In a vehicle that uses this driving system there is a premium put on making sure none of the power is wasted. These vehicles are typically less fuel efficient but they offer more control. Some use a system that disengages one of the two axles to make it possible for the wheels to have the control needed and the power where it should be. This is the most dynamic of the systems that use torque vectoring and it has been used in a variety of ways to give us more control and avoid the car slipping and sliding all over the track.
Because some hybrids use multiple motors in different locations these motors are tuned and programmed to provide the power directly to the wheels and axles they are attached to in a way that might be the best torque vectoring on the market today. There are some cars that have three motors or even four with one at every corner and the speed at which the power can be delivered or reduced is nothing short of amazing to give you the right way to enjoy the ride and have the total control you’re looking for from the vehicle you trust.